Interested in starting a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) business? Use this guide to help you learn what it takes to start an HVAC business and make it successful.
Overview and business considerations
The two main tasks of a certified HVAC business owner include installation and service. The installation of an HVAC system involves installing the units both in and outside of a building as well as running the ductwork. Services involve identifying problems with older HVAC systems and fixing them. A few things to consider if you plan to start an HVAC business.
- Choose to start your business at your home or from a rented shop. It can save you money by starting from your home, but it is not legal in all cities.
- Decide on whether to specialize in a type of HVAC. You may specialize in commercial or residential systems
- Consider specializing in different systems such as geothermal heating systems or heating pumps, which can you give you a competitive edge over your competitors.
- Consider HVAC franchises such as One Hour Heating and Air, which provide name recognition and a system that is proven to work.
Tasks of HVAC businesses
Tasks for HVAC businesses are the same whether you plan on operating by yourself or with contractors. Here is a list of tasks that are required for this type of business. Business tasks:
- Prepare invoices for clients
- Set up contracts
- Schedule installation and service calls
- Prepare employee schedule
- Set up supplier contracts
- Be up-to-date with business licenses, certifications,and insurances
- Keep tax record
Advertisement and industry tasks:
- Knowledgable of HVAC systems
- Work diagnostic tools
- Install main units
- Install ductwork
- Create custom ductwork builds
- Oder equipment and supplies
- Service old models
- Stay current with new technologies
As a new startup, you can single-handedly run an HVAC business. Once your business becomes successful, you will probably need to hire:
- Licensed crew
- General office administration
- Sales crew
Some of the skills requirements include diagnosing HVAC equipment, installing an HVAC, and troubleshooting.
Obtaining a business license
In order to obtain an HVAC license and practice contracted services in your local area, you need to have HVAC training at an accredited school. Regional requirements may vary, but most service technicians are required to have two to four years of HVAC training and obtain a license before they are able to practice their services. At this point you will also need to apply for a business license. The approximate cost of an HVAC start up is estimated to be between $2000 and $10,000, though purchasing a working van and large inventory amounts can make start up costs a lot higher.
Equipment and supplies
Here is a list of needed equipments and supplies for start ups:
- Vehicle (van or truck) to carry supplies and equipments
- Meters, gauges, and other equipment to test HVAC systems
- Hand tools such as hammers, wire strippers, pliers, etc.
- Special tools including duct knives, duct staplers, and valve core removal tools
- Tape for air and electrical ducts
- Safety equipments such as dust mask, glasses, gloves, etc.
Here is a list of supplemental equipments which can be helpful once you get your business off the ground and running.
- Software for HVAC
- Backup units for HVAC
To see all of the monthly expenses of an HVAC business, check out this list of expenses to consider:
- Vehicle costs such as insurance, fuel, maintenance, etc.
- Rent for office and/or shop
- Answering phone service
- Tools And equipment
- Operating costs and supplies
All of this is required in order to successfully own, operate, and manage an HVAC business. So if you are indeed interested in starting your own HVAC business, use this guide to make sure you understand how the business works and how to be successful.